What are family issues?
Families come in all shapes and sizes, from nuclear families and extended families to biological families and families of choice. Your family might include your parents, siblings, grandparents, spouse, children, and others. While the idea of family means different things to everyone, for many of us, it can be a valuable source of love, support, and security.
However, family relationships can also be sources of pain and stress. In part because they mean so much to us, relationships with family members can be among the most difficult to navigate. Some degree of conflict within families is normal (and even, to a point, healthy), but sometimes, family issues can lead to symptoms of common mental health conditions such as anxiety or depression. When they become especially intense or or frequent, these challenges can get in the way of day-to-day life.
How common are family issues?
Because family issues vary so much and are deeply personal, it’s hard to say for sure how common they are.
However, evidence suggests that various types of conflict within families are fairly common overall. For example, one study on tension in relationships between parents and adult children found that 94% of participants reported at least a little tension in their parent/child relationships. Family issues also tend to come up around the balance between parenting and professional pursuits. The Pew Research Center reports that in nuclear families in which a mother and father both work full-time, both partners often feel concerned that they don’t spend enough time with their children and/or partner.
These examples are only a small subset of the many kinds of family issues you might experience; whatever your challenges are, there are likely countless other people facing similar issues with their families.
What are some symptoms of family issues?
Family issues are different for everyone, and people vary widely in their emotional and psychological responses to these issues. That said, some of the most common symptoms include:
Anxiety or worry: You may be frequently preoccupied with concerns about your family and struggle to focus on other things.
Sadness or depression: Feelings of tension, conflict, or disconnection from your family might make you feel sad or hopeless.
General stress: You may have trouble sleeping or experience physical symptoms including muscle tension, headaches, and digestive troubles.
Conflicts with other loved ones: If a relationship with one person is upsetting you, you might find that issues also come up with other people you’re close to. For example, tension with a parent might make you more sensitive in your relationship with your partner.
Low self-esteem: Feeling insecure or threatened within a relationship that means a lot to you can make you doubt yourself and your worth.
Different types of family issues
Again, issues in families come in countless forms, and this is by no means an exhaustive list. However, some especially common forms of family issues include:
Parent/child conflict: In part because our parents often play such a large part in our earliest development, issues between parents and children can be especially emotional and deeply rooted.
Issues with siblings: Competition, comparison, different relational styles: all of these (and many other factors) can lead to conflict with siblings.
Conflict around culture, religion, or lifestyle: Families often have set notions of the kinds of lives members should live, especially when a particular religion or culture plays a prominent role in the family’s life. When one member of the family goes against these established norms, conflict can follow.
Caregiver stress: Taking care of children, supporting a family member with a health condition, or caring for an elderly parent are all examples of situations that can cause caregiver stress.
Communication issues: You don’t feel heard; you wonder whether the other person understands you; you struggle to say what you mean. These are all forms of communication issues, a common setback in many family relationships.
Violence, abuse, and gaslighting: When any family issue turns into emotional or physical violence or intimidation from one or more people, the relationship(s) can be considered abusive. Abuse is usually far more dangerous and stressful than the other family issues described here.
What to do if you’re experiencing family issues
If you’re experiencing any form of stress, conflict, or danger in a family relationship, you have several options. Some of them include:
Therapy: Find a therapist who can help you address your family issues and work toward resolving them. You might work with a therapist on your own, or you might attend couples’ or family therapy, in which multiple people participate in sessions with a therapist. (See more tips below on selecting a therapist.)
Meditation or mindfulness practices. Making space for quiet reflection can help you gain perspective on your family issues and give you a way to approach them calmly, and it may also reduce the symptoms of stress and anxiety that these issues can cause.
Journaling. Keeping a written record of your thoughts and feelings around your family challenges may help you clarify your perspective on these issues and their role in your life.
Connect with other friends and loved ones. When a family relationship is stressful, it can be helpful to rely on the other important people in your life. They may be able to help you understand your family issues, and can also reduce the pressure on the stressful relationship(s) by reminding you of the other people you love and rely on.
Hotlines and safety resources: If you are experiencing abuse in a family situation, contact the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-7233 or www.TheHotline.org. If a child may be in danger, you should also contact the Childhelp National Child Abuse Hotline at 1-800-422-4453. If you’re having thoughts of suicide or need immediate support, you can always call the National Suicide Prevention Hotline at at 1-800-273-8255.
What should I look for in a therapist for family issues?
Therapists offer a number of different approaches to treating family issues. Some approaches involve just one person attending sessions, while others might require two or more family members to attend.
Common options include:
Structural Family Therapy
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)